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      Endangered Peoples
      A) Today, it is not distance, but culture that separates the peoples of the world. The central question of our time may be how to deal with cultural differences. So begins the book, Endangered Peoples, by Art Davidson. It is an attempt to provide understanding of the issues affecting the world’s native peoples. This book tells the stories of 21 tribes, cultures, and cultural areas that are struggling to survive. It tells each story through the voice of a member of the tribe .Mr. Davidson recorded their words. Art Wolfe and John Isaac took pictures of them. The organization called the Sierra Club published the book.
      B) The native groups live far apart in North America or South America, Africa or Asia. Yet their situations are similar. They are fighting the march of progress in an effort to keep themselves and their cultures alive. Some of them follow ancient ways most of the time. Some follow modern ways most of the time. They have one foot in ancient world and one foot in modern world. They hope to continue to balance between these two worlds. Yet the pressures to forget their traditions and join the modern world may be too great.
      C) Rigoberta Menchu of Guatemala, the Nobel Peace Prize winner in 1992, offers her thoughts in the beginning of the book Endangered Peoples. She notes that many people claim that native people are like stories from the past. They are ruins that have died. She disagrees strongly. She says native communities are not remains of the past. They have a future, and they have much wisdom and richness to offer the rest of the world.
      D) Art Davidson traveled thousands of miles around the world while working on the book. He talked to many people to gather their thoughts and feelings. Mr. Davidson notes that their desires are the same. People want to remain themselves~ he says. They want to raise their children the way they were raised. They want their children to speak their mother tongue, their own language. They want them to have their parents’ values and customs. Mr. Davidson says the people’s cries are the same: “Does our culture have to die? Do we have to disappear as a people?”
      E) Art Davidson lived for more than 25 years among native people in the American state of Alaska. He says his interest in native peoples began his boyhood when he found an ancient stone arrowhead. The arrowhead was used as a weapon to hunt food. The hunter was an American Indian, long dead. Mr. Davidson realized then that Indians had lived in the state of Colorado, right where he was standing. And it was then, he says, that he first wondered: “Where are they? Where did they go? “He found answers to his early question. Many of the native peoples had disappeared. They were forced off their lands. Or they were killed in battle. Or they died from diseases brought by new settlers. Other native peoples remained, but they had to fight to survive the pressures of the modern world.
      F) The Gwich’in are an example of the survivors. They have lived in what is now Alaska and Canada for 10,000 years. Now about 5,000 Gwich’in remain. They are mainly hunters. They hunt the caribou, a large deer with big horns that travels across the huge spaces of the far north. For centuries, they have used all parts of the caribou: the meat for food, the skins for clothes, the bones for tools. Hunting caribou is the way of life of the Gwich’in.
      G) One Gwich’in told Art Davidson of memories from his childhood. It was a time when the tribe lived quietly in its own corner of the world. He spoke to Mr. Davidson in these words: “As long as I can remember, someone would sit by a fire on the hilltop every spring and autumn. His job was to look for caribou. If he saw a caribou, he would wave his arms or he would make his fire to give off more smoke. Then the village would come to life! People ran up to the hilltop. The tribes seemed to be at its best at these gatherings. We were all filled with happiness and sharing!”
      H) About ten years ago, the modern world invaded the quiet world of the Gwich’ in. Oil companies wanted to drill for oil in the Arctic National Wildlife Preserve. This area was the please where the caribou gave birth to their young. The Gwich’in feared the caribou would disappear. One Gwich’ in woman describes the situation in these words: “Oil development threatens the caribou. If the caribou are threatened, then the people are threatened. Oil company official and American lawmakers do not seem to understand. They do not come into our homes and share our food. They have never tried to understand the feeling expressed in our songs and our prayers. They have not seen the old people cry. Our elders have seen parts of our culture destroyed. They worry that our people may disappear forever.”
      I) A scientist with a British oil company dismisses (駁回,打消) the fears of the Gwich’in. He also says they have no choice. They will have to change. The Gwich’ in, however, are resisting. They took legal action to stop the oil companies. But they won only a temporary ban on oil development in the Arctic National Wildlife Preserve. Pressures continue on other native people, as Art Davidson describes in his book. The pressures come from expanding populations, dam projects that flood tribal lands, and political and economic conflicts threaten the culture, lands, and lives of such groups as the Quechua of Peru, the Malagasy of Madagascar and the Ainu of Japan.
      J) The organization called Cultural Survival has been in existence for 22 years. It tries to protect the rights and cultures of peoples throughout the world. It has about 12,000 members. And it receives help from a large number of students who work without pay. Theodore MacDonald is director of the Cultural Survival Research Center. He says the organization has three main jobs. It does research and publishes information. It works with native people directly. And it creates markets for goods produced by native communities.
      K) Late last year, Cultural Survival published a book called State of the Peoples: a Global Human Rights Report on Societies in Danger. The book contains reports from researchers who work for Cultural Survival, from experts on native peoples, and from native peoples themselves. The book describes the conditions of different native and minority groups. It includes longer reports about several threatened societies, including the Penan of Malaysia and the Anishina be of North American. And it provides the names of organizations similar to Cultural Survival for activists, researchers and the press.
      L) David May bury-Lewis started the Cultural Survival organization. Mr. May bury-Lewis believes powerful groups rob native peoples of their lives, lands, or resources. About 6,000 groups are left in the world. A native group is one that has its own langue. It has a long-term link to a homeland. And it has governed itself. Theodore MacDonald says Cultural Survival works to protect the rights of groups, not just individual people. He says the organization would like to develop a system of early warnings when these rights are threatened .Mr. MacDonald notes that conflicts between different groups within a country have been going on forever and will continue. Such conflicts, he says, cannot be prevented. But they do not have to become violent. What Cultural Survival wants is to help set up methods that lead to peaceful negotiations of traditional differences. These methods, he says, are a lot less costly than war.  46. Rigoberta Menchu, the Nobel Peace Prize winner in 1992, writes preface for the book Endangered Peoples.
      47. The book Endangered Peoples contents not only words, but also pictures.
      48. Art Davidson’s initial interest in native people was aroused by an ancient stone arrowhead he found in his childhood, which was once used by an American Indian hunter.
      49. The native groups are trying very hard to balance between the ancient world and the modern world.
      50. By talking with them, Art Davidson finds that the native people throughout the world desire to remain themselves.
      51. Most of the Gwich’in are hunters, who live on hunting caribou.
      52. Cultural Survival is an organization which aims at protecting the rights and cultures of peoples throughout the world.
      53. According to Theodore MacDonald, the Cultural Survival organization .would like to develop a system of early warnings when a society’s rights are to be violated.
      54. The book State of the Peoples: a Global Human Rights Report on Societies in Danger describes the conditions of different native and minority groups.
      55. The Gwich’ in tried to stop oil companies from drilling for oil in the Arctic National Wildlife Preserve for fear that it should drive the caribou away.答案解析  答案詳解:
      A)現在,是文化而非距離將世界各民族分隔開。我們時代的中心問題也許是怎樣對待文化差異。讓我們從Art Davidson的著作《瀕危民族》說起。該書試圖幫助人們了解影響世界土著民族的諸多問題。本書講述了為了生存而苦苦掙扎的21個部落、不同的文化和文化區的故事。每個故事都以部落成員的口吻敘述?!?7】Davidson先生記錄了他們的述說,Art Wolfe 和Jonhn Isaac拍攝照片,一個名為塞拉俱樂部的組織出版了這本書。
      C)【46】危地馬拉的Rigoberta Menchu女士是1992年諾貝爾和平獎的得主。她在《瀕危民族》這本書的序言中提出了自己的觀點。她指出,很多人認為土著民族就像是過去的故事,已遭破壞并消亡。她強烈反對這種觀點。她認為土著民族并非過去歲月的殘留。他們有未來,他們能為世界其他民族貢獻自己很多的智慧和財富。
      D)Art Davidson撰寫《瀕危民族》時,行走了數千英里路,游覽了世界各地。他和各種人交談,了解他們的思想和情感?!?0】Davidson先生發現他們有著共同的愿望。他說,人們希望他們的民族可以延續。他們希望按照父母養育自己的方式養育孩子;他們希望孩子會講母語——他們本民族的語言;他們希望孩子可以繼承父輩們的價值觀和習俗。Davidson先生指出,各民族的呼聲是相同的:“我們的文化必須消亡嗎?我們的民族必須消失嗎?”
      E)【48】Are Davidson在美國阿拉斯加州的土著民族中生活了25年多。他說小時候他發現過一個非常古老的石制箭頭,從那時起,就激起了他對土著民族的興趣。這個石箭頭是被用作武器來獵食的。獵人是一位早已作古的美洲印第安人。接著,Davidson先生意識到當時的印第安人就生活在科羅拉多州, 他正站著的那片地方。他說,那時他第一次想知道:“他們在哪里?他們又去了何方?”他找到了這些問題的答案。許多土著民族已經消失。他們被迫遠走他鄉?;蛘?,他們已經戰亡。又或者他們死于新來的移民攜帶的疾病。其他土著民族雖然存活下來了,但是他們為了生存必須與現代世界的壓力作斗爭。
      G)一個哥威迅人向Art Davidson訴說了他童年以來的記憶。當時,部落還默默地生活在世界上屬于他們自己的角落。他這樣對Davidson先生說:“在我的記憶中,每個春秋都有人坐在山頂的火堆旁。他的工作就是尋找馴鹿。如果他看到了馴鹿,就揮舞手臂?;蛘呱?,用煙作信號。然后,村民們就會活躍起來。他們跑向山頂。這時候,部落里的人是最高興的。我們都沉浸在幸福和分享的喜悅中?!?br /> H)大約十年前,現代世界打破了哥威迅人的平靜生活?!?5】石油企業想在北極國家野生動物保護區勘探 石油。這片區域是馴鹿繁殖下一代的她方。哥威迅人擔心馴鹿會消失。一位哥威迅婦女這樣描述這種 情形:“石油勘探對馴鹿造成威脅。如果馴鹿受到威脅,那么人也將受到威脅。石油企業的管理者和美 國的立法者似乎并不理解這點。他們不來我們的家里,不和我們分享食物。他們從未試圖了解我們的 民謠和祈禱中所要傳達的感情。他們看不到祖輩們的眼淚。我們的父輩見證了我們的某些文化被摧毀。他們擔心,我們的民族也許會永遠消失?!?br /> I) 英國石油公司的一位科學家打消了哥威迅人的擔憂。他還指出他們沒有選擇,他們必須得改變。然而,哥威迅人拒絕這種改變。他們借助法律手段,阻止石油公司的開采。但是,國家只是禁止在北極國家野生動物保護區鉆探石油,他們的勝利只是短暫性的。其他土著民族仍舊面臨著這種壓力,就像Art Davidson在書中描寫的那樣。這種壓力來自日益增多的人口、淹沒族地的水壩工程和政治經濟沖突。秘魯的蓋丘亞族、馬達加斯加的馬達加斯加人和日本的阿伊努人,他們的文化、領土和生活都面臨著政治經濟沖突的威脅。
      J)【52】文化拯救協會這一組織成立22年了。它試圖保護世界各民族的權利和文化,擁有大約l2,000名成員。很多學生都是它的義工。Theodore MacDonald是文化拯救研究中心的董事。他指出該組織有三項主要工作:開展調研,披露信息;直接與土著民族接觸;為土著民族的產品開拓市場。
      K)去年年底,文化拯救協會出版了一本書,名為《民族現狀:世界瀕危民族的人權報告》。本書內容包括文化拯救協會調研人員和該領域其他專家的報告,也包括土著人自己的述說?!?4】該書描寫了不同土著民族和少數民族的生存現狀。其中,對幾個瀕危民族,包括馬來西亞的本南族和北美的安尼施納比族做了詳盡的介紹,并為對這方面有濃厚興趣的人、研?a href=’http://www.xuexila.com//www.xuexila.com/yangsheng/kesou/’ target=’_blank’>咳嗽焙托攣琶教褰檣芰思復笞櫓?,其袨氖类藰阒X幕刃帷?/p>
      L)David May bury-Lewis創辦了文化拯救協會。May bury-Lewis先生認為,其他更強大的民族威脅土著居民的生命,掠奪他們的土地和資源。世界上大約有6,000個民族。土著民族擁有自己的語言,長期居于某地,自我管轄。1531 Theodore MacDonaM指出文化拯裁協會旨在保護各民族的權利,并不是只保護個人權利。他說,該組織欲建立一個早期預警系統,當這些農權利遭到威脅對向人們提磚警告。MacDonald先生認為,國家內部各民族之間的沖突由來已久,并還將繼續。這種沖突無法阻止,但并不一定要演變成暴力。文化拯救協會正致力于尋找方法,以和平協商方對待傳統文化差異。他說,研究這些方法的代價比戰爭要低得多。
      46. Rigoberta Menchu, the Nobel Peace Prize winner in 1992, writes preface for the book Endangered Peoples. 1992年諾貝爾和平獎的得主Rigoberta Menchu女士為《瀕危民族》這本書作序。
      【解析】 C)。細節題。根據句中關鍵詞Rgoberta Menchu可定位至c)段首句。危地馬拉的Rigoberta Menchu女士是1992年諾貝爾和平獎的得主。她在《瀕危民族》這本書的序言中提出了自己的觀點。由此可見 Rigoberta Menchu女士為《瀕危民族》這本書作序。
      47. The book Endangered Peoples contents not only words, but also pictures.
      【解析】 A)。細節題。本題著眼點在The book Endangered Peoples,因此鎖定有關這本書的介紹信息, 可定位至首段。該段末句是:Davidson先生記錄了他們的述說,Art Wolfe和John Isaac拍攝照片,一個名為塞拉俱樂部的組織出版了這本書。由此可知,這本書不僅有文字而且還有圖片。
      48. Art Davidson’s initial interest in native people was aroused by an ancient stone arrowhead he found in his child- hood, which was once used by an American Indian hunter.Art Davidson最初開始對土著民族感興趣,源自小時候見到的一個美洲印第安獵人用過的石制箭頭。
      【解析】E)。細節題。根據句中關鍵詞in the interesting native people和an ancient stone arrowhead可定位至E)段。他說小時候他發現過一個非常古老的石制箭頭,從那時起,就激起了他對土著民族的興趣。這個石箭頭是被用作武器來獵食的。獵人是一位早已作古的美洲印第安人。
      49. The native groups are trying very hard to balance between the ancient world and the modem world.
      【解析】 B)。細節題。根據句中關鍵詞the native groups和balance between the ancient world and the mod- em world可定位至B)段后三句。他們處在古代世界和現代世界之間。他們希望繼續保持這兩個世界的平衡。但是,拋棄傳統、融入現代世界的壓力非常大。
      50. By talking with them, Art Davidson finds that the native people throughout the world desire to remain themselves.
      通過交談,Art Davidson得知所有的土著居民都希望自己的民族得以存續。
      【解析】D)。細節題。根據句中關鍵詞the native people,desire和remain themselves可定位至D)段。 Davidson先生發現他們有著共同的愿望。他說,人們希望他們的民族可以延續。
      51. Most of the Gwich’in are hunters, who live on hunting caribou.
      【解析】F)。細節題。根據句中關鍵詞the Gwich in和hunting caribou可定位至F)段。與句中意思一致的兩句話是:現在,哥威迅族的人口大概有5000,主要以狩獵為生。狩獵馴鹿就是哥威迅人的生活方式。
      52. Cultural Survival is an organization which aims at protecting the rights and cultures of peoples throughout the world.文化拯救協會組織旨在保護世界各民族的權利和文化。
      【解析】J)。細節題。根據句中關鍵詞Cultural Survival和protecting the rights and cultures of peoples可定位至J)段的前兩句。文化拯救協會這一組織已成立22年了。它試圖保護世界各民族的權利和文化。
      53. According to Theodore MacDonald, the Cultural Survival organization would like to develop a system of early warnings when a society’s rights are to be violated.
      Theodore MacDonald 稱:文化拯救協會欲建立一個早期預警系統。
      【解析】L)。細節題。根據句中關鍵詞Theodore MacDonal和a system ofearly warnings可定位至末段中間部分。Theodore MacDonald指出文化拯救協會旨在保護各民族的權利,并不是只保護個人權利。他說,該組織欲建立一個早期預警系統,當這些權利遭到威脅時向人們提出警告。
      54. The book State of the Peoples: a Global Human Rights Report on Societies in Danger describes the conditions of different native and minority groups. 《世界瀕危民族的人權報告》這本書描述的生存現狀。
      【解析】K)。細節題。根據句中關鍵詞the book a Global Human Rights Report on Societies in Danger可定位至K)段。該段對這本書進行了詳細介紹,其中包括描述內容,即不同土著民族和少數民族的生存現狀。
      55. The Gwich’ in tried to stop oil companies from drilling for oil in the Arctic National Wildlife Preserve for fear that
      it should drive the caribou away.
      【解析】 H)。細節題。根據句中關鍵詞stop oil companies from drillin9和drive the caribou away可定位至 H)段二至四句。石油企業想在北極國家野生動物保護區勘探石油。這片區域是馴鹿繁殖下一代的地方。哥威迅人擔心馴鹿會消失。
      Driver’s License Test Tips
      A.This article will provide you with some simple tips for passing your driver’s licensetest.Adequate preparation is absolutely essential,without which any number of driver’slicense test tips will be redundant.
      B.Getting a driver’s license is a big step in anyone’s life.It gives an individual the luxury todrive a car anytime he or she pleases,as driving without passing a driver’s license test isagainst the law.
      For some people,the stress can be too much to handle and as a result they may mess upon the driver’s license test.There are some simple driver’s license test tips that anyone canfollow,to be assured of passing the test and getting their driver’s license.
      C.The most important of all the tips for passing your driver’s license test is to beprepared.This can only be achieved by you through hours and hours of sincere and diligentpractice.If you are not sufficiently prepared for your driver’s license test,all the driver’slicense tips for passing your driver’slicense test will be utterly pointless and redundant.Youcan read as many drivers’license test tips as you want,but if you are not practicingenough,then all these driving test tips will be in vain.Enroll ing yourself in driving schools isadvisable for this purpose.
      D.Now,if you’re wondering how to prepare for your driving test,the first thing you needto know is what the driving test instructors and officials are going to be looking for.Thefollowing are the qualities that the instructors will be on the lookout for and also the parametersthat the scoring will be conducted on.
      E)Starting the vehicle:The instructor will be observing you right from the time you startthe vehicle.
      He will note if you tum your head to look back and if you follow all the safety regulationsthat are required to be followed while starting a vehicle.Here are some tips on learning to drivea car.
      F)Control of the vehicle:He will pay close attention to how much control you actually haveover the vehicle.Your abilities with the gas pedal,the brake,the steering wheel and othercontrols will be scrutinized.
      G)Steering:Not many road test tips stress on the importance of steering.This quality isclosely analyzed by the instructor and obviously if your steering is wayward(任性的),thechances of passing the driver’s license test are very slim.
      H)Driving in traffic:Keeping calm and avoiding panic attacks while driving in traffic is ofutmost importance.Many people get extremely stressed and nervous,when they are in themidst of traffic and one of the very crucial tips to pass road test for driver’s license is to staycalm and composed when driving in traffic.Also read more on road safety and car safety.
      I)Traffic signs and lane discipline:This is another area that the instructors will be ratingyou on.Your ability to observe lane discipline and your recognition of the various traffic signsplays a major role in your passing the test.Keep these driver’s license test tips in mind to passthe test in your veryfirst attempt.
      J)Stopping:Stopping the car smoothly and at the right place is a critical skill tohave.When the in. structor asks you to stop the car,the timing,the positioning and thetechnique of doing so are important driving test tips to bear in mind.
      K)Backing up and distance judgment:Your backing up skills and your ability to judge thedistances between your vehicle and other entities will also be carefully scrutinized.If you cannotback up your vehicle satisfactorily ,parking would be very troublesome for you and a majorsource of hazard to you and to others around you.
      L)Hill parking:One of the essential tips for passing your driver’s license test is to masterthe art of hill parking.This is not as easy as it seems and can become a major source ofanxiety in a driver.If you can display good skills at hill parking,it proves that you havedeveloped good control over the vehicle.
      M)Arm signals and driving etiquette:Another aspect that you will be judged on is yourefficiency at giving the right arm signals at the right time.Your respect for other drivers on theroad and the amount of courtesy you show them also plays a part in your final rating on thedriver’s license test.
      Read more about defensive driving techniques and tips and defensive driving courses.
      N)Drivers who are well aware and informed about all the rules and regulations that need tobe followed have a beRer chance of clearing their driver’s license test.The primary goal ofthese driver,slicense test tips is to instill(慢慢灌輸)a responsible and mature frame of mind inevery individual.These road test tips will be pointless unless you develop a calm demeanor andtmless you are aware of all the rules that must be followed while driving.
      O)Here are a few more basic drivers’license test tips that you should keep in mind whenvou,re leaming how to prepare for your driving test.Always use the restroom before your testbegins.Not doing so will cause more anxiety during the test.Memorize all the traffic signs andtheir significance well in advance before the test.Use your rear view mirrors efficiently andregularly.Ensure that you are well on time for your test and are carrying all the requireddocuments and paperwork.Get adequate sleep the previous night and do not give the testwith an empty stomach.Stick to the permitted speed limit.Do not drive too fast and do notdrive too slow either.
      P)Passing a driver’s license test is not simple and unless you are well versed in drivereducation.You could face a lot of difficulties.At the end of the day,remember that the instructorsalso want you to pass the test,so do your best to stay calm and composed and believe inyour ability to pass the test.
      This cannot be reinstated enough,but the key to passing your driver’s license test ispractice.
      46.According to this article,the importance of steering is emphasized by not many roadtest tips.
      47.Your timing,positioning and technique should be considered by yourself when youstoD your test car.
      48.Some people may fail their driver’s license tests because they have too much stress.
      49.Hill parking as one of the essential tips for your license test seems easV.
      50.The tips in this article primarily aimed at instilling a responsible and mature frame ofmind in you.
      51.In order to pass your driver’s license test.you should practice.
      52.Your driver’s license test begins in practice when you start your test car.
      53.During the preparation process,a few more basic tips should be kept in mind.
      54.You should sleep adequately the night before your test.
      55.A lot of difficulties could be faced if you are not well versed in driver education.
      How to Use a Library
      A)You’re driving your car home from work or sch001.And something goes wron9.Theengine stalls out at lights,holds back as you go to pass.It needs a tune up and soon.Wheredo you go? The library.You can take out an auto repair manual that tells step by step how totune up your make and model.Or your tennis game has fallen off.You’ve lost your touch atthe net.Where do you go? The library for a few books on improving your tennis form.
      B)“The library!”you say.“That’s where my teacher sends me to doughhomework.”Unfortunately, I’ve found that’s exactly the way many people feel.If you’re amongthem.you’re denying yourself the easiest way to improve yourself, enjoy yourself and evencope with life.My first suggestion for making the most of your library is to do what I did,readand read and read.For pleasure——and for understanding.
      C)If it’s TV that keeps you from cultivating this delicious habit,I can offer a sureremedy.Take home from the library a stack of books that might look interestin9.Pile them onthe TV set.Next time you are tempted to turn on a program you really don’t want tosee,reach for a book instead.
      D)Over the years,people collect a mental list of books they mean to read.If you don’thave such a list,here is the suggestion.Take from the library some of the books you mighthave enjoyed dramatized on TV, like Remargue’s All Quiet on the Western Front,Clavell’sShegun,Tolkien’s The Hobbit,or Victor Hugo’s Les Mise Rables.If you like what youread、you can follow up with other satisfying books by the same authors.
      E)Some people in their reading limit themselves to current talked—about bestsellers.Oh,what they miss! The library is full of yesterday’s best sellers;and they still makecompelling reading today. Some that I’ve enjoyed:A.B.Guthrie’s The Big Sky,Carl VanDoren’s Benjamin Franklin,Mari Sandoz’s.Old Jules,and Norman Mailer’s The Naked and theDead.
      F) How do you find these or any other books you’re looking for? It’s easy—with the cardcatalog. Every time I go to the library——and I go more than once a week——I invariablymake a beeline to the card catalog before anything else.It’s the nucleus of any publiclibrary.The card catalog lists every book in the library by:1.author;2.title;3.subject.Let’s pick an interesting subject to look up.I have always been fascinated byastronomy.You’ll be surprised at the wealth of material you will find under “a strong my” todraw upon.And the absorbing books you didn’t know existed on it.
      CAUTION:Always have a pencil and paper when you use the card catal09.
      G) Once you jot down the numbers of the books you are interested in,you are ready tofind them on the shelves.Libraries call the shelves “the stacks”.In many smallerlibraries,which you’ll be using,the stacks will be open for you to browse.To me there is aspecial thrill in tracking down the books I want in the stacks !For invariably,I find books aboutwhich I knew nothin9,and these often turn out to be the very ones l need.You will find thesame thing happening to you when you start to browse in the stacks.“A learned mind is theend product of browsing.”
      CAUTION:If you take a book from the stack s to your work desk,do not try to return it toits proper place.That’s work for the experts.If you replace it incorrectly, the next seekerwon’t be able to find it.
      H)Some of the brightest and best.informed men and women in America are the librarianswho specialize in providing reference help.Introduce yourself State your problem.And beamazed at how much he p you will receive.CAUTION:Don’t waste the time of this expert byasking silly questions you ought to solve yourself.Save the reference librarian for the reallybig ones.
      I) You shot:ld also learn to use the Reader’s Guide to Periodical Literature.This green—bound index is me of the most useful items in any library.It indexes all the articles in themajor magazines,including newspaper magazine supplements.Thus it provides a guide to thevery latest expert information of any subject that interests you.So if you want to do a reallyfirst—class job,find out which magazines your library subscribes to,then consult theReader’s Guide and track down recent articles on your subject.When you use this wonderfultool effectively, you show the mark of a real scholar.
      J) Since you can take most books home,but not magazines,take full notes when usingthe latter. Many libraries today provide a reprographic machine that can quickly copy pages youneed from magazines and books.Ask about it:If you are working on a project of some sizewhich will require repeated library visits,keep a small notebook in which you record theidentification numbers of the books you will be using frequently.This will save you valuabletime,because you won’t have to consult the card catalog or search aimlessly through thestacks each time you visit for material you seek.Sol fie of the very best books in any library arethe reference books,which may not be taken home.Learn what topics they cover and howbest to use them,for these books are wonderful repositories (儲藏室、資料庫)of humanknowledge.
      K) Your library can give you help on any subject.It can even be your business and legaladvisor.How many times have you scratched your head over how to get a tax rebate(折扣)onyour summer job? You,11 find guides to that.Want to defend yourself in traffic coup? Findout how in legal books at the library.
      L) Library Projects Can Be Fun and Rewardin9.Here are a few ideas:
      1.What are your roots? Trace your ancestors.Many libraries specialize in genealogy.
      2.Did George Washington sleep nearby? Or Billy the Kid? Your library’s collection of localhistory books can put you on the trail.
      3.Cook a Polynesian feast.Or an ancient Roman banquet.Read how in the library’s cookbooks.
      4.Take up photography.Check the library for consumer reviews of cameras before youbuy.Take out books on lightin9,composition,or darkroom techniques or—you name it!
      M)If you haven,t detected by now my enthusiasm for libraries,let me offer two personalnotes.I’m particularly pleased that in recent years two beautiful libraries have been named afterme:a small community library in Quakertown,Pennsylvania,and the huge research librarylocated at the University of Northern Colorado in Greeley.And I like libraries so much that Imarried a librarian.
      46.The nucleus of any public library is the car,d catalog.
      47.Yesterday’s best sellers are still good for readin9,which shouldn’t be overlooked.
      48.The author suggests that people should go to the library for answers when things gowrong
      49.The Reader,s Guide is a green—bound index which provides a guide to very latestexpert information of any subject that interests readers.
      50.The sure remedy to kick the TV habit is to take home from the library interestingbooks to read.
      51.There are various kinds of fun and rewarding projects available in different libraries.
      52.A notebook will help readers to record the identification numbers of the frequentlyused books which can’t be taken home.
      53.Readers should not try to return the book taken from the stacks to their desk to itsproper place.
      54.When asking for help,readers are suggested not asking the reference librarians sillyquestions they ought to solve themselves.
      55.When asking for help,readers are suggested not asking the reference librarians sillyquestions they ought to solve themselves.