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      近五年高考英語聽力場景詞匯

      高考考試的對話內容場景基本上都是考生所熟悉的,有校園、生活、工作、各種社交場所。了解一些場景下的常用語和常見表達對解題是很有幫助的。對這些常用詞匯和短語不僅要知道其本身的意思,還要知道它們的同義表達方式。這是因為現在聽力試題一般不會在選項中出現對話中的原詞和詞組。以下場景是對話當中所占比例最大的,掌握了這些場

      高考考試的對話內容場景基本上都是考生所熟悉的,有校園、生活、工作、各種社交場所。了解一些場景下的常用語和常見表達對解題是很有幫助的。對這些常用詞匯和短語不僅要知道其本身的意思,還要知道它們的同義表達方式。這是因為現在聽力試題一般不會在選項中出現對話中的原詞和詞組。以下場景是對話當中所占比例最大的,掌握了這些場景下的常用短語和表達方式,也就從詞匯和短語方面抓住了解題的關鍵。
      (1)餐館場景:
      restaurant餐館; cafeteria 自助餐廳;
      buffet 自助餐; canteen;dining hall 食堂,餐廳;
      coffee shop;cafe咖啡屋 ;
      snack bar 小吃街、大排擋
      【go out for dinner / dinner out / eat out 出去吃飯】
      waiter/waitress 男/女服務生;
      order 點菜 ;serve 上菜 ;
      menu 菜單;bill 賬單
      【pay the bill 付賬】
      tip 小費;change 零錢
      【Keep the change! 不用找零錢了! 】
      treat 請客
      【This is my treat!、 It’s on me!我請客! 】
      【go Dutch ;Let’s go fifty fifty. AA制】
      【Help yourself. 請隨便吃】
      knife刀;fork叉;chopsticks筷子;
      spoon勺子;plate碟子;tray 托盤;
      appetizer 開胃菜;dessert甜品,水果;
      soup 湯 ;steak 牛排;cheese奶酪 ;
      sandwich 三明治;hamburger 漢堡包;
      French fries 炸薯條;pizza 披薩;
      bacon 培根 ; chicken雞肉;
      beef牛肉;pork豬肉
      drink 喝,飲料;wine 紅酒;
      coke 可口可樂;
      coffee咖啡;dressing 調味醬;
      pepper胡椒;ketchup 番茄醬;
      delicious、yummy 可口的;rare半熟的
      (2)郵局場景:
      stamp郵票;envelope 信封;
      package / parcel 包裹;
      parcel form包裹單;zip code郵編;
      weight重量;overweight 超重;
      postage郵費;extra postage 額外郵資;insurance保險;
      send / post / deliver a letter / mail 寄 /發信;
      delivery投遞,傳送;claim領取;
      express mail 快件;EMS特快專遞;
      airmail 航空信件; surface mail 平郵;
      ordinary letter平信;
      registered letter掛號信。
      (3)圖書館場景:
      library card借書證;
      borrow借入;lend借出;
      keep持有,保管,存放;renew續借;return歸還;
      overdue 借書逾期;pay a fine 交罰款;
      librarian 圖書管理員;bookshelf書架;
      novel小說;science fiction科幻小說;
      magazine雜志; periodical期刊;reference book參考書;
      (4)校園場景:
      tuition學費; scholarship獎學金;
      term/semester 學期;seminar研討班;
      presentation 課堂發言;
      assignment/homework作業;register 注冊;
      be absent 缺席;final exam 期末考試;
      review/ go over復習; fail/pass不及格/通過;
      cut a class逃課; graduate畢業; stationery文具;
      essay論文;paper試卷;
      attend a lecture 聽講座 textbook 課本;
      classroom 教師;laboratory實驗室;
      mark/grade 成績;course 課程;
      subject 學科;playground 操場
      (5)醫院及健康場景:
      doctor醫生;dentist牙醫;physician內科醫生;
      surgeon外科醫生;nurse護士;
      hospital醫院;clinic 診所;
      Health Center醫療中心;
      emergency room/ department 急診室;
      emergent treatment急救處理;
      first aid 急救;treatment治療手段;
      check up 檢查;physical examination體檢;
      take one’s temperature / blood pressure
      測量體溫/血壓;
      show one’s tongue伸出舌頭;
      write a prescription開處方;
      give an injection打針;
      visiting hours 探視時間
      medicine藥;pills / tablets藥丸/藥片;
      aspirin 阿司匹林; suffer from受…苦;
      pain疼痛;headache頭痛;stomachache肚子痛;
      backache背痛;sore-throat喉嚨痛;
      cough咳嗽;fever發燒;cold / flu 感冒/流感
      【have/catch a cold患感冒】;
      heart attack 心臟病;dizzy眩暈的;
      ——What’s up? / How is it going? / How are you?
      ——I’m fine. / I feel good/ terrific. / I couldn’t be better. / Nothing is very wrong with me. 好。
      I am not feeling good. / I feel terrible/horrible/awful. / I am not myself these days. 不好。
      (注意聽語氣:身體好的時候,語調上揚,語氣非常歡快; 身體不好的時候,降調,語氣非常郁悶。)
      (6)電話場景:
      operator 接線員
      【Extension six two two six, please.請轉6226。The line is bad/ busy / engaged. It kept a busy line. 電話占線?!?br /> long distance call 長途電話;
      collect call 對方付費電話;put through 接通電話;
      leave a message留口信;
      dial the wrong number撥錯號碼;
      call/ telephone/ ring/ phone sb.;
      give sb. a call/ ring給某人打電話;
      ——Hello! This is …speaking. 您好,我是…。
      ——Who’s speaking?/Who is that? 您是誰?
      Hold on /Hold the line, please. 請稍等,別掛斷。
      I’ll call back later / again. I’ll ring him / her up again.我一會兒再打。
      I couldn’t get through.打不通;
      Sorry, I’m afraid you have the wrong number.對不起,您撥錯號啦。
      (7)酒店場景:
      make a reservation 預定房間;
      reception desk 接待處;
      reception服務臺;receptionist 服務員;
      accommodation住宿; registration登記;
      check in 入住;check out 結帳;
      Identity/ID card 身份證;fill out a form填表;
      single room 單間;double room雙人間;
      suite套間;room number房間號;
      room key房間鑰匙;room service客房服務;
      wake-up call叫醒電話
      Do you have a reservation Sir?先生,您預訂了嗎?
      Have you got any vacant room? (=Is there any room available here?) 有空房間嗎?
      All the room are occupied. 房間已滿。
      Can I have a suite please?有套間嗎?
      How much do you charge for that? 如何收費?
      Smoking or no smoking? 吸煙或不吸煙?
      Meals included. 包括飲食。
      Can I show you your room? 我可以帶你去你的房間?
      Can I carry your luggage?我可以幫你提行李嗎?
      (8)交通場景:
      plane飛機;ship輪船;bus 公交車;
      coach長途客車;train火車;
      subway/underground 地鐵;
      railway 鐵路;highway 公路;
      sidewalk/pavement人行道;
      one-way street 單行道;
      rush hour交通高峰期; crowded擁擠的;
      heavy traffic擁擠的交通; traffic jam交通阻塞;
      traffic rules交通規則; traffic lights交通燈;
      driving license駕照; driver司機;
      garage修車廠、車庫;
      car accident/crash車禍;speed超速;r
      un the red light闖紅燈; flat tire爆胎;
      scratches刮蹭;fix/repair修理;survive幸存
      by plane/air乘飛機; by sea/land水路、陸路;
      by subway/underground 乘地鐵;
      transfer換乘、轉機
      May I see your license, please?
      我可以看看你的駕照,好嗎?
      You will be fined by $20.
      你將處以20元的罰款。
      (9)機場場景:
      airline航空公司;airway 航線;flight 航班;
      book/serve預定; behind schedule 晚點;
      cancel取消;customs海關; security check安檢;
      passport護照;visa簽證;
      departure lounge 候機室;
      departure gate登機口;check in 辦理登機手續;
      on board登機;boarding pass/card 登機牌;
      luggage/baggage行李; suitcase行李箱;
      take off 起飛;land降落; safe landing安全著陸
      bound for…飛往…方向去的;
      departure to 前往;destination目的地;
      departure time起飛時間;
      see sb. off為某人送行; pick up接機
      【在飛機上】
      a window seat靠窗的座位;
      an aisle seat靠走道的座位; captain機長;
      pilot飛行員;airhostess/stewardess空姐;
      fasten the safety/safe belt系緊安全帶;
      airsick暈機; jet lag飛機時差反應;
      (10)在火車站(At the railway station):
      booking/ticket office售票處;
      conductor售票員; train 火車;
      express train特快列車; carriage車廂;
      dining car餐車;waiting room 候車室;
      platform 站臺,月臺;
      one way trip/ticket 單程/單程票;
      round trip/ticket往返/往返票;
      a hard seat 硬座;a soft seat軟座
      (11)購物場景:
      store 商店;grocery食品店;
      department store 百貨商場;
      shopping center/mall 購物中心;
      shop assistant店員;counter 柜臺;
      receipt 收據;deliver 送貨; refund 退款;
      bargain便宜貨;out of stock 脫銷/缺貨;
      in stock 有貨;selling season 銷售旺季;
      on sale打折; 50% off 打五折;
      a 30% discount打七折;
      catalogue 產品目錄;
      Commodity information商品信息;
      brand 品牌; size尺碼;color顏色;
      style樣式;price價格;
      【What color/size/kind do you want?您需要什么樣的顏色/多大尺寸/哪種?】
      second-hand 二手的;popular / fashionable 流行的;
      in fashion 流行,時尚;
      out of fashion 過時的;
      商品論貴賤expensive, cheap;
      價格論高低high, low;
      pay in cash 用現金支付;
      pay in check 用支票支付;
      credit card 信用卡;
      pay by installment 分期付款;
      【在服裝店(In a clothing store/shop)】
      trousers 褲子 clothes 衣服;skirt裙子;
      shirt襯衫;jacket夾克;coat上衣;
      a bigger size 稍大一點尺寸;
      what size 多大尺寸;
      this style這種式樣;
      fit you合你身;try on試穿;match 相配
      (12)天氣場景:
      fine 晴朗的;sunny/bright/clear 陽光明媚的;
      overcast 多云;cloudy 陰;humid 濕潤的;
      wet 潮濕的; rainy有雨的; clear up 天空放晴;
      freezing-cold 冰冷的;hot炎熱的;cool涼爽的;
      warm暖和的;mild溫和的;windy有風的;
      calm無風的;breeze微風; moderate 風力不大;
      strong/ high winds 大風;tornado 龍卷風;
      typhoon 臺風;fog霧;snow雪;
      drizzle毛毛細雨;light rain小雨;
      shower 陣雨;storm 暴風雨;
      downpour傾盆大雨;
      【It rains cats and dogs.(=The rain is pouring.)下著傾盆大雨】
      thunder 打雷; blizzard大風雪;
      snowstorm暴風雪;
      【weather in London / Seattle 意指不好的天氣;weather in California 意指好天氣】
      經常和天氣相聯系的情況:
      vacation(假期) 和 flight(航班)
      (be delayed延誤/cancelled取消by the bad weather)。
      put away clothes 下雨收衣服;
      (13)銀行場景:
      business hour 營業時間;deposit存款;
      withdraw 取款;open an account 開戶;
      savings account 儲蓄賬戶;
      check account 支票賬戶;
      interest rate 利率;cash a check兌現支票
      (14)常見的身份與職業:
      part-time job 兼職工作; full-time job 全職工作
      psychologist心理學家;principal校長;
      professor 教授;postman 郵遞員;
      driver司機;policeman 警察;
      firefighter 消防員;assistant 助手/助教;
      receptionist接待員;typist 打字員;
      cashier收納;waiter 服務員;
      passenger 乘客;ticket seller 售票員;
      conductor 售票員,列車長;
      salesman銷售員;nurse 護士;
      housewife 家庭主婦;lawyer律師;
      engineer 工程師;architect建筑師;
      chef廚師;guide 導游;
      reporter/journalist 記者;editor 編輯;
      author作家;pianist鋼琴家;
      musician音樂家;singer歌手;
      photographer 攝影師;artist藝術家;
      designer設計師;scientist科學家;
      barber理發師;butcher屠夫;tailor裁縫
      (15)人物關系relationship:
      strangers陌生人;neighbors鄰居;
      classmates同學;colleagues/co-workers同事;
      friends朋友; husband and wife 夫妻;
      guest and receptionist客人與接待員;
      doctor and patient醫生與病人;
      teacher and student師生;
      boss and secretary老板和秘書;
      policeman and driver警察與司機;
      interviewer and interviewee面試官與面試者;
      employer and employee 雇主與員工;
      shop assistant/waiter and customer營業員與顧客;
      parent and child 父母與子女
      (14)工作:
      job opportunity 工作機會;interview面試;
      resume簡歷;educational background教育背景;
      application letter 求職信;recommendation 推薦信;
      certificate 助手;qualification資歷;
      experience 經驗;position 職位;salary 薪水;
      allowance津貼;promotion晉升;vacation休假;
      break 短暫休息;retire 退休;work overtime加班;
      shift work 倒班工作;ask for leave 請假;
      sick leave 病假;have a week off 休一周假;
      clerk職員;secretary秘書;manager經理;
      HR manager人事經理;general manager總經理;
      client客戶
      (15)興趣愛好:
      hobby 興趣; entertainment 娛樂;
      go to the cinema/movies/theatre 去看電影;
      comedy喜劇;tragedy悲劇;
      action movie 動作片;cartoon 動畫片;
      documentary 紀錄片;thriller 驚悚片;
      horror film恐怖片;detective movie偵探片;
      western film西部片;soap opera 肥皂劇
      hiking 徒步旅行;camping野營;
      diving潛水;surfing沖浪;skiing滑雪;
      seashore 海岸;beach海灘;
      sun-burnt 曬黑的;palace宮殿;castle城堡
      (16)運動:
      competition 競賽;sports field運動場;
      club俱樂部;sportsman/athlete/player運動員;
      coach教練;champion冠軍;
      gold/silver/bronze medal金/銀/銅牌;
      basketball籃球;football美式足球;
      soccer英式足球;volleyball排球;
      baseball棒球;tennis網球;
      table tennis乒乓球;golf高爾夫;
      jogging慢跑;swimming游泳;
      wrestling摔跤;shooting射擊;
      boxing拳擊;weightlifting舉重;
      relay race接力賽;
      break the world record 打破世界紀錄
      (17)觀光旅游:
      vacation/holiday 假日;
      historical spots/relics 古跡;scenery 風景;
      museum博物館;mountain山脈;river河流;
      lake 湖泊;waterfall瀑布;beach 沙灘;
      island 島嶼;lawn 草地;temple寺廟;
      zoo動物園;travel/trip/tour/voyage
      旅行;travel agency 旅行社;
      a guided tour 有導游的旅行;
      go sightseeing觀光; hotel 賓館;
      souvenir 紀念品;ticket 票
      景點評論:
      fascinating/breathtaking 激動人心的;
      thrilling 刺激的;refreshing清爽的;
      unforgettable難忘的;
      terrific/ fantastic極好的;
      (18)租房:
      landlord 房東;landlady女房東;
      rent租/租金;deposit押金;contract合同;
      furnished 有家具電器的;furniture 家具;
      heat暖氣;gas煤氣;electricity 電;
      lift 電梯;stairs 樓梯;balcony陽臺;
      living room起居室;guest room客廳;
      dinning room 餐廳;kitchen 廚房;
      bathroom 浴室;toilet 衛生間;
      basement 地下室
      (19)日常生活:
      housework 家務;channel頻道;
      cook烹飪;dining table飯桌;fridge冰箱;
      television電視;oven烤箱;cabinet 櫥柜;
      dishwasher洗碗機;sheet床單;
      blanket毯子;carpet地毯;curtain窗簾;
      towel毛巾;shampoo洗發水;
      soap肥皂;haircut理發;shaver剃須刀