“A Slingshot” Is “a Slingshot”
Someone mocked at Hui Zi before the King of Liang.
“This Hui Zi likes to use metaphors when he speaks. If he is not allowed to use metaphors, he surely won’t be able to explain anything at all.”
“這個惠子說話愛用比喻，假如不準他用比喻，那他一定什么也說不清楚了?！?br /> The following day the King of Liang met Hui Zi and said to him:
“From now on, when you speak, come straight to the point and do not use metaphors and beat about the bush.”
“你以后講話直截了當講，不要再用比喻，拐彎抹角的?！?br /> Hui Zi said:
“Now someone does not know what a slingshot is. You tell him, ` `A slingshot’ is `a slingshot’.’Can he understand?”
“How can he understand?” said the King of Liang.
Hui Zi went on:
“If I tell him a slingshot is like a bow, its bowstring is made of bamboo, and it is a device for shooting, can he understand?”
The King of Liang said:
“Yes, he can.”
“可以明白了?！?br /> Hui Zi said:
“The purpose of drawing an analogy between the thing people have already known and the thing they don’t know yet is to make them understood. You want me to speak without using metaphors. How can that be done?”
The King of Liang said:
“What you said is right.”
In ancient times a man named Zou Ji, 8 chi tall and impressive looking, had served as the prime minister of the State of Qi.
One morning, he tidied his clothes and hat, looked into the mirror, and asked his wife:
“Look, who is more handsome, Xu Gong living in the north of the city or I?”
His wife replied:
“You are far more handsome. Xu Gong is no match for you!”
Xu Gong of the north of the city was a well-known handsome man in the State of Qi. Zou Ji really didn’t believe he was more handsome than Xu Gong. So he asked his concubine:
“Look, who is more handsome, Xu Gong or I?”
His concubine also said:
“Xu Gong is no match for you!”
The next day, a guest came to discuss some matter with him. Zou Ji asked his guest the same question:
“Who is more handsome, Xu Gong or I?”
The guest answered positively:
“Xu Gong is not as handsome as you.”
“徐公不如你美?！?br /> Another day passed and Zou Ji met Xu Gong in person. He stared closely at the other for some time and carefully compared him with himself. He really couldn’t see that he was more handsome than Xu Gong. Later, he again looked into the mirror. The more he looked at himself, the more he felt he was not as handsome as Xu Gong.
Zou Ji was rather restless in his mind. At night, lying on the bed, he pondered: He was not as handsome as Xu Gong, but why did these three persons say he was more handsome?In the end, he came to understand the reason:
“My wife says I am handsome because she shows favouritism to me. My concubine says I am handsome because she is afraid of me. My guest says I am handsome because he wants to curry my favour.”
“妻子說我漂亮，是因為偏愛我;妾說我漂亮，是因為怕我;客人說我漂亮，是因為有意討好我?！?br /> 六年級英語故事演講稿：泥人木偶
The Mud Man and the Wooden Puppet
Meng Chang Jun was a famous counsellor of the State of Qi.
One day, he wanted to leave his native country to be an official in the State of Qin. His subordinates all advised him not to go, but Meng Chang Jun wouldn’t listen to them. At this time, a man told him such a story.
“Once when I was passing the Zi River, I heard in my dream a man made of mud talking with a wooden puppet by the river bank.
The wooden puppet said to the mud man:
`You were formerly a lump of earth, now made into a man of mud. But if it rains and the water in the river rises, you will surely be damaged by the water.’
The man made of mud replied:
`If I were damaged by the water, I would not be afraid, but would only return to my original state and dissolve into earth. But you? You were carved from the peach tree in the garden. If it rains heavily and the water in the river rises, you will be in no position to decide for yourself and can only float away with the river current. Since you cannot decide for yourself, then you will never be able to return to your original place.”‘
‘我要是給水沖壞了，我也不怕，因為我只是回復了我的原狀，化成泥土罷了?？墒?，你呢，你原來是用園里的那株桃樹雕出來的。要是天下起大雨來，河里漲了水，那時，你自己也做不得主，一定會隨河水漂去。既然你自己做不得主，就決不能再回到原地方來了?！?br /> After Meng Chang Jun heard this story of the conversation between the mud man and the wooden puppet, he changed his mind and decided not to go to the State of Qin.