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      高考英語語法學習訣竅

      在英語語法學習中,同學們對于時態的掌握因人而異。下面是學習啦小編給大家整理的高考英語語法學習訣竅,供大家參閱!高考英語語法學習訣竅:一般將來時1、用will,shall表示①決定:談及正在作出的一項決定時,常

      在英語語法學習中,同學們對于時態的掌握因人而異。下面是學習啦小編給大家整理的高考英語語法學習訣竅,供大家參閱!
      高考英語語法學習訣竅:一般將來時
      1、用will, shall 表示
      ①決定:談及正在作出的一項決定時,常用I’ll—-I will,不能用be going to ,因為它表示事先就已經作出的決定
      —The phone’s ringing. —I’ll answer it.
      —Come to a party. —OK. I’ll bring my friend.
      ②威脅和允諾:第一人稱用will (‘ll);第二人稱用shall
      I’ll hit you if you do that again.
      He shall have a gift for Christmas.
      ③提議和請求:用Shall I …?/Shall we…?表示提議;
      用Will you…?表示請求
      Shall I carry your bag? Will you give me a hand?
      ④I will/ We will 表示有強烈意圖、提議、堅持或自愿做某事; 不能用shall
      I will stop smoking—I really will.
      2、用 be going to 表示
      ①已經決定要做的事情
      We’re going to France next summer.
      ②現在肯定講會發生的事情
      Look at those clouds—it’s going to rain.
      ③強烈的決心
      I’m going to keep asking her out until she says yes.
      3、用be about to do sth 表示最近的將來,“正要”,“馬上就要”
      I am about to leave when there is a knock at the door.
      4、用be to do sth表示預定要做的事情
      The French President is to visit Japan next week
      5、be going to 與 will / shall 的對比
      ①都可以表示預言
      Do you think the car will start / is going to start?
      ②講到條件時(即如果一事發生,另一事也就發生),用will / shall 對將來進行預測,不用be going to ,即使條件沒有說出來
      If I give you money you’ll only spend it on drink.
      —Come out for a drink.
      —No, my TV program.
      A. I’m going to miss
      B. I’ll miss
      (B)
      6、一般現在時及現在進行時表示將來的情況
      高考英語語法學習訣竅:一般過去時
      1、過去已經完成的動作、結束的事情,或在過去重復發生的動作
      When I was a child we always went to the seaside in August.
      2、used to :表示過去的習慣,現在不存在
      I used to smoke, but I don’t any more.
      3、用在it’s time, would rather, wish后面的從句中
      It’s time you went home.
      I wish I had a better memory.
      I’d rather you came tomorrow.
      4、在從句中用來說明現在還存在著“過去”的情況
      I’m sorry we left Paris. It was such a nice place.
      5、could, might, would, should等“過去”的情態動詞可用來指現在或者將來
      Could you help me for a moment ?
      I think it might rain soon.
      Would you come this way, please ?
      Alice should be here soon.
      6、一般過去時與現在完成時在時間上的比較
      ①現在完成時所用的時間詞: since, ever since, for…, recently, lately, so far, yet, all this year, all my life, ever, never, already, before, just, in / during the last /past + 時間段, etc.
      ②一般過去時所用的時間詞yesterday, last week, in 1999, when, years ago, then, just now, etc.
      高考英語語法學習訣竅:過去完成時
      1、過去發生的兩個動作,先發生的用過去完成時
      With their help I realized that I had been wrong.
      2、過去某時以前發生的動作或情況
      He hasn’t finished yet.
      He didn’t finish yesterday evening.
      He hadn’t finished by yesterday evening.
      3、常用過去完成時的情況
      ①No sooner…than…. Hardly…when…
      No sooner had he begun his speech than he was interrupted
      ②expect, hope, think, want, suppose等動詞的過去完成時(或一般時)表示想做而未做的事
      I had planned to send him a telegram, but I didn’t manage it.
      4、使用過去完成時的必要性和非必要性
      ①句意十分清楚時,可用一般時
      After I finished, I went home.
      ②常用一般過去時表示依次發生的動作
      I got out of the taxi, paid the fare(車費) and managed it.
      ③有時必須明確,特別是含when時
      When I arrived, Ann left.
      (同時見到)(見到Ann)
      When I arrived, Ann had left.
      (先后發生)(沒見到)
      5、常用過去完成時的時間主狀語
      by the end of + 過去時間 ; by + 過去時間
      by the time + 過去時間; 過去時間 + before
      比較:
      By the time he was 11, he had learned 3000 words .
      By the time he is 11, he will have learned 3000 words.
      By the time last week, I had learned 3000 words.
      By the time next week, I will have learned 3000 words