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      中國歷史成語故事

      中國歷史悠久,從盤古、女媧、后羿等神話時代算起約有5000年。中國歷史太長,講歷史多離不開秦皇漢武唐宗宋祖的皇皇盛世,幾乎一樣長久的變亂年代則常被輕描淡寫。新一段歷史的起草往往不在盛世之初,而在亂世之末。在這悠長的歷史長河中,中國有著不少經典的歷史故事值得后人思考。下面學習啦小編為大家帶來中國歷史成語故事,歡迎大家閱讀!中國歷史成語故事:入木三分WangXi-zhiisoneof

      中國歷史悠久,從盤古、女媧、后羿等神話時代算起約有5000年。中國歷史太長,講歷史多離不開秦皇漢武唐宗宋祖的皇皇盛世,幾乎一樣長久的變亂年代則常被輕描淡寫。新一段歷史的起草往往不在盛世之初,而在亂世之末。在這悠長的歷史長河中,中國有著不少經典的歷史故事值得后人思考。下面學習啦小編為大家帶來中國歷史成語故事,歡迎大家閱讀!
      中國歷史成語故事:入木三分
      Wang Xi-zhi is one of the most famous calligraphers during the Eastern Jin Dynasty of China. When he was very young, he practiced his art every day and never stopped.
      王羲之是中國東晉時代一個很有名的書法家,他從小就刻苦練字,從不間斷。Later he absorbed the strong points of all the other schools of calligraphy, and developed his own unique style of writing. Because of his achievements, he has been honored as one of China’s sages of calligraphy.
      以后又吸取了各個不同書法派的優點,形成他自己獨特的個性。因為他在書法上的成就,人們都尊稱他為中國書法界的“圣人”。
      One time, Wang Xi-zhi sketched in wood for an engraver to cut. Then the engraver found the ink had penetrated one centimeter into the wood.
      有一次,王羲之在木板上刻字,后來刻字的人發現墨汁滲入木板有三尺深。
      “Ru Mu San Fen” is got from this story, which means the calligraphy is penetrating.
      “入木三分”就是從這個故事中得出來的,用來形容書法有力。
      Now it is often used to describe expressing sharp ideas or profound views.
      現在多用來比喻分析問題很深刻。
      中國歷史成語故事:偃旗息鼓
      In the Three Kingdoms Period, during a battle between Cao Cao and Liu Bei, the latter ordered his generals Zhao Yun and Huang Zhong to capture Cao Cao’s supplies. Cao Cao led a large force against Zhao Yun, who retreated as fas as the gates of his camp. There, he ordered that the banners be lowered and the war drums silenced, and that the camp gates be left wide open. Zhao Yun then stationed(安置,駐扎) his troops in ambush(埋伏) nearly. When Cao Cao arrived and saw the situation, he immediately suspected a trap and withdrew his forces.
      This idiom is nowadays used to indicate metaphorically(隱喻地) halting an attack or ceasing all activities.
      《三國志。蜀志。趙云傳》中記載:在一次戰斗中,蜀將黃忠殺死了曹將夏侯淵,并奪取了戰略要地。曹操非常惱火,把米倉移到漢水旁的北山腳下,親率20萬大軍向陽平關大舉進攻。黃忠、張著商議趁夜燒劫魏軍糧草。臨行前趙云和他們約定了返回時間,過期不歸就帶兵出寨接應,正與曹操親自統率的部隊相遇。趙云同曹軍廝殺起來,把曹軍打得丟盔棄甲,救回了黃忠和張著。曹操沒有善罷甘休,指揮大隊人馬追殺趙云,直撲蜀營。趙云的副將張翼見趙云已退回本寨,后面追兵來勢兇猛,便要關閉寨門拒守。趙云下令大開營門,偃旗息鼓,準備放曹軍進來;一面又命令弓弩手埋伏在寨內外,然后自己單槍匹馬站在門口等候敵人。生性多疑的曹操追到寨門口,心想,寨門大開,必有伏兵,即匆忙下令撤退。就在曹操調頭后退的時候,蜀軍營里金鼓齊鳴,殺聲震天,飛箭如雨般向曹軍射擊。曹軍驚慌失措,奪路逃命,自相踐踏。趙云趁勢奪了曹軍的糧草,殺死了曹軍大批兵馬,得勝回營。 后來,人們常用“偃旗息鼓”來比喻休戰、無聲無息或停止行動。
      中國歷史成語故事:朝三暮四
      In the Spring and Autumn Period, a man in the state of Song raised monkeys. The monkeys could understand what he said. As the man became poor, he wanted to reduce the monkeys’ food. He first suggested that he give them three acorns(橡子) in the morning and four acorns in the evening. Thereupon, the monkeys protested angrily. Then their owner said, “How about four in the morning and three in the evening?” The monkeys were satisfied with that.
      This idiom originally meant to befool others with tricks. Later it is used to mean to keep changing one’s mind.
      戰國時代,宋國有一個養猴子的老人,他在家中的院子里養了許多猴子。日子一久,這個老人和猴子竟然能溝通講話了。
      這個老人每天早晚都分別給每只猴子四顆栗子。幾年之后,老人的經濟越來越不充裕了,而猴子的數目卻越來越多,所以他就想把每天的栗子由八顆改為七顆,于是他就和猴子們商量說:“從今天開始,我每天早上給你們三顆粟子,晚上還是照常給你們四顆栗子,不知道你們同不同意?”
      猴子們聽了,都認為早上怎么少了一個?于是一個個就開始吱吱大叫,而且還到處跳來跳去,好像非常不愿意似的。
      老人一看到這個情形,連忙改口說:“那么我早上給你們四顆,晚上再給你們三顆,這樣該可以了吧?”
      猴子們聽了,以為早上的粟子已經由三個變成四個,跟以前一樣,就高興地在地上翻滾起來。