Tea and the Tea Culture of China
Since I started my major in the tea culture of China, I have been deeply impressed by its sophistication and beauty. I would like to share some fascinating aspects of the tea culture of China.
In a country with the history of five thousand years, the Chinese tea drinking habit dated back to the Tang Dynasty (618-907AD). It became a national tradition and led to development of a delicate tea drinking ritual. Over the centuries, poets and artists in China wrote many marvelous masterpieces, in appreciation of tea and Chinese people’s constant love of tea drinking .One of the best-known writers is Lu Yu, who was regarded as the “Tea Sage ” for he composed the first book on tea. In his classic book, he detailed his studies of tea, such as the origin of tea, tea tools, tea picking, tea cooking, tea ceremony and well-known areas where tea was grown. And the valuable knowledge he recorded has laid foundation for modern tea culture development.
Based on ways in which tea leaves are processed, there are five distinct types of tea. They are as follow: the green tea, the black tea, the Wulong tea, the compressed tea and the scented tea. Among them, may foreigners are familiar with the green tea. The Longjing tea, of the green type, has a reputation.
Chinese Tea Culture 中國茶文化
The Chinese people, in their drinking of tea, place much significance on the act of “savoring.” “Savoring tea” is not only a way to discern good tea from mediocre tea, but also how peopletake delight in their reverie and in tea-drinking itself. Snatching a bit of leisure from a busyschedule, making a kettle of strong tea, securing a serene space, and serving and drinking teaby yourself can help banish fatigue and frustration, improve your thinking ability and inspireyou with enthusiasm. You may also imbibe it slowly in small sips to appreciate the subtleallure of tea-drinking, until your spirits soar up and up into a sublime aesthetic realm.Buildings, gardens, ornaments and tea sets are the elements that form the ambience forsavoring tea. A tranquil, refreshing, comfortable and neat locale is certainly desirable fordrinking tea. Chinese gardens are well known in the world and beautiful Chinese landscapes aretoo numerous to count. Teahouses tucked away in gardens and nestled beside the naturalbeauty of mountains and rivers are enchanting places of repose for people to rest and recreatethemselves.
China is a country with a time-honored civilization and a land of ceremony and decorum.Whenever guests visit, it is necessary to make and serve tea to them. Before serving tea, youmay ask them for their preferences as to what kind of tea they fancy and serve them the tea inthe most appropriate teacups. In the course of serving tea, the host should take careful noteof how much water is remaining in the cups and in the kettle. Usually, if the tea is made in ateacup, boiling water should be added after half of the cup has been consumed; and thus thecup is kept filled so that the tea retains the same bouquet and remains pleasantly warmthroughout the entire course of tea-drinking. Snacks, sweets and other dishes may be servedat tea time to complement the fragrance of the tea and to allay one’s hunger.
Iced tea is more than just cool, especially if it’s freshly made green tea. Brew some up to get:
Help with your weight. Overweight or obese exercisers burned off three more pounds and 7 percent more belly fat when they drank green tea instead of another beverage with the same calories, according to a new multicenter study.
Protection against cancer. Regular drinkers were 12 percent less likely to develop breast cancer than nondrinkers, according to research in 6,928 Chinese women.
Reduced risk of stroke. A UCLA review of nine studies found three cups a day cut the risk of stroke by 21 percent (black tea was protective too).
Healthier gums. In a study of 940 men, the more green tea a man drank, the less likely he was to have gum disease.